A more accurate title would be ‘What the Daily Graphic Said’ but I liked the current title better. Why ‘said’? Because I’ve not yet had a chance to review today’s paper; I am on holiday, y’know! So, here’s what the Daily Graphic (DG) had to say yesterday, 6th of January 2011.
- according to a survey they conducted, Ghanaians believe that 2011 will be a “breakthrough year” for their country’s economy. In the article, DG has helpfully presented some suggestions from citizens on what the government priorities should be. These include health, education and infrastructure development, particularly roads.
- A tragic hunting expedition (one hunter shot another having mistaken him for game) is being investigated by police. The accident occured in Sefwi-Dwenase-Kokokrom.
- The recent cabinet resfuffle received much coverage- suffice to say, opinions vary. In the interest of balance the DG set out some of these opinions. Their own: “inevitable”; some think-tanks’: unclear, explanations for the selection of new ministers should be provided; Ghanaian Medical Association: unhelpful to execution of long-term objectives (they’ve had to deal with 3 health ministers in the last two years).
- A lot of discussion on the impact of the 30% fuel price hike on the economy, little of it positive.
In other African news:
- the first delegation of African leaders who have so tried to convince Laurent Gbagbo, of Ivory Coast, to step down- with the offer of exile- have failed in their. They’re not giving up though, negotiations continue.
- A Nigerian opposition party, Conress for Progressive Change, has chosen Muhammadu Buhari, a former military leader/dictator as its presidential candidate for Nigeria’s 2012 general election (Y’know, I don’t think that name was chosen in order to make an ironic point. Sigh.).
- Apparently, US Senator, John Kerry found the comments of Sudan’s President, Omar al-Bashir on the upcoming referendum on southern independence “extremely encouraging”.
And there you have it. See, this holiday isn’t all about me. Now, I’m off to lounge by the pool.
The road to Aburi is very good. The state of the road to Aburi Botanical Gardens isn’t what this post is about but it is noteworthy. It’s particularly noteworthy to a visitor to Ghana who has been mercilessly jostled in the back seat of taxis as the poor drivers navigate the pothole-ridden and/or uneven roads in many parts of Accra. Anyway, both the journey up there and the Aburi Gardens themselves were beautiful.
Aburi Botanical Gardens are located to the North East region of Accra in the town of Abrui (didn’t see that coming, did you?). Courtesy of the town’s high altitude is much cooler than the Accra. Aburi Botanical Garden was established in 1890. The land on which it is established was previously the site of a convalescence and acclimatisation centre for colonial civil servants. The original intent was that the gardens would support experimentation with both economic and decorative plants from other tropical and sub-tropical countries with a view to finding out those which could thrive under local conditions and were of value to the European market. It was also supposed to support the teaching of scientific agricultural methods. Unfortunately, the high-altitude climate put paid to the garden’s ambitions to be an agricultural centre but the garden still played a key role in Ghana becoming a key producer of cocoa (today, Ghana is the second largest producer of cocoa in the world). Thanks to Tetteh Quarshie, Ghanaian farmers were already growing the crop commercially, however the high cost of seedlings limited widespread cultivation. The successful nurturing of the plant by the botanists at Aburi resulted in the sale of seedlings to local farmers at cheap rates. A thriving export market and good climate did the rest. Meanwhile the garden’s operations were scaled back to just botanical activities.
While I was there, I had lunch (at the Aburi restaurant- be aware the food takes a long time) with one the gardens’ landscapers and managed to wrangle a guided tour- my inner geek rejoiced the whole way through the tour. The biodiversity is simply amazing. I could go into detail here but I’ll spare you- here are a few highlights instead.
The oldest tree on the site- predates the establishment of the site- is a beautiful Silk Cotton tree. Here’s a picture (with me standing in front of it to give you some perspective of its size).
I nicknamed it, Methuselah
The creepiest tree has to be the tree dubbed the Strangler Ficus; common name: Rubber Shade tree. It’s an epiphyte which slowly but eventually strangled it’s poor host plant. It’s hollow trunk (by the way, the holes mark the points where the host tree’s branches used to be) indicates the size of the host tree. This particular specimen of the epiphyte was discovered in 1906.
The most delightful tree was the Monkey Pot tree so called because of the attraction it holds for monkeys. These monkeys (the greedy ones, anyway) have been known to get their heads stuck in its fruit pods having stuffed their mouths full of the seeds. I found the idea of these monkeys with the heads stuck in these ’pots’ hilarious. Yes, I have the sense of humour of a small child. I never promised sophisticated humour would be a feature of this blog. Deal with it! :-)
Here's the monkey pot tree
- And here’s the pot that catches the monkey
Finally, did you know that dragon-flies are nature’s way of checking the malaira-carrying mosquito population? No? Well kids, for this and more scintilating facts get yourselves to Aburi. And even if none of this stuff interests you (seriously, what’s wrong with you?), it’s still a lovely place to chill and have a picnic.
By virtue of my friend M’s gracious friends I didn’t have to travel by public transport for the first two days of my visit to Ghana but I eventually ventured onto public transport. I decided to travel by taxi. Aside from some attempts at arbitrary price hikes (the ‘tourist rate’) and traffic jams (both issues I’ll discuss in a later post), my taxi experiences haven’t been bad. I haven’t yet been able to summon up the will-power to travel on a TroTro though- I’ve travelled on the Nigerian equivalent and I’m not in too much of a hurry to repeat the experience if I don’t have to. Still, I’m keen to convey something of the experience. Thankfully, Ghanaian poet, Kwadwo Kwarteng manages this beautifully. His poem and Kinna’s intro can be read here on the Kinna Reads blog. Enjoy.
Yes, I did it- I bastardised a classic song title for my selfish ends. I’m hoping that the fact that I’m a fan of the song (the Rod Stewart/ Dolly Parton and Ella Fitzgerald/Louis Armstrong versions, since you ask) makes up for this in some way. See the thing is, it’s simply not possible, or at least it shouldn’t be, to blog about a trip to Ghana without a hat-tip to the heat.
At the moment the heat is strong and humid (not the dry, Harmattan heat). This has the effect of making the air “heavy”. It virtually wraps itself around you. I’m a fast walker- to my mind, a matter of etiquette that should be observed by anyone who lives and travels in London. Few things irritate me as much as those who dither at trains doors or walk, as if they have nowhere they need to be (this might indeed be the case but if so, why travel during the rush-hour?!). Anyway, I digress, the point I was going to make was that the Accran heat has cured me of this impatience! I’ve adopted a slow gait that, well, just isn’t ordinarily my style. However, I’ve decided that this is the appropriate walking etiquette in Ghana as I don’t see anyone else walking any quicker and anyway, when in Rome…
It’s not just the nature of human movements that the heat affects. The other thing it does is to support the flourishing insect population. The stagnant water that is sometimes allowed to collect in the open gutters helps create something of a perfect storm. In Acrra, insect repellent is your friend. Having been bitten at least 4 times, my initially lackadaisical approach to insect repellent application was soon kicked into touch- itching and inflammation help focus the mind, like you would not believe!- I’m a lot more conscientious now.
Similarly, sun block (SPF 30) and I
well have become re-acquainted. The moisture levels of the air makes sun-burn less obvious at first but if you do burn- it hurts the same. A little while ago I bought Dermalogica’s Climate Control Lip Treatment and I made some unflattering comments about it. I take them all back- it has come into its own in the Accra. Finally, hydration is required- do it well, do it often.
Now, I wouldn’t want you to get the wrong impression- this is a glorious heat. It makes you feel deliciously languid the exact feeling you want to have while you’re on holiday. You’ve simply got be prepared for it. Otherwise, you might find that as in the Morcheeba song, too much of a good thing really could wear you out.
I am in the country of Kwame Nkrumah and he still looms large in the Ghanaian consciousness- his spectre is still conjured up by politicians for this very reason. Yesterday, I visited the Kwame Nkrumah Museum and it was well worth the trip. The cost of entry is low- 6 Ghana Cedis for non-Ghanians. The museum and its surrounds are well-maintained (with some beautiful pea-cocks and -hens roaming the grounds) and the tour guides are very helpful and well-informed (if biased). Nkrumah, like many of the first crop of African leaders post-colonial rule, divide opinion when discussed today. This, I think, is inevitable. He was a charismatic leader, like many of his contemporaries, and his pan-African vision was impressive, but his attempts at implementing this vision were naive, somewhat self-serving and ultimately doomed to failure. His failure to achieve the economic prosperity that he promised and his increasingly authoritarian leadership fed the dis-satisfaction that would lead to his over-throw.
Forward is this way!
In spite of his failures, he seems to still have a hold on the hearts of Ghanaians and even Africans beyond Ghana. The most obvious reasons I can think of include the fact that he played a key role in the nation’s independence- Ghana was afterall the very first African nation to achieve independence from British rule. Further, he wasn’t in power for that long (6 years is a short time to rule in African politics), so the monster that his critics decried never fully manifested in the public sphere; he wasn’t blatantly craven; there’s an acknowledgement that he was erudite- even by those who disagreed with his ideology and perhaps most importantly, those who overthrew him didn’t do a much better job.
This analysis is a fairly superficial one; post-colonial African development is a complex issue and Nkrumah is a complex man. Regrettably, I don’t know enough about Nkrumah and other African leaders of his ilk to have an opinion that bears scrutiny, and the museum certainly isn’t the place to acquire an unbiased view but I left with a thirst to know more. I heartily recommend a visit.
My second job post-University was as a Standards Engineer with Nortel Networks. There were many brilliant things about the job- it was stimulating, I had a very cool boss, really clever and supportive colleagues and- most relevant to this blog- I got the chance to travel. Even better, I got the chance to stay in nice hotels while on these foreign trips. I learned that nice hotels, amongst other things, will often deliver a copy of one or two local newspapers to your door every morning. At first, I simply read these papers as an ecxuse not to have to make conversation at breakfast (in spite of my best efforts, I’m not a morning person and jetlag makes me even less so), at least not until I’d had my first two cups of coffee. However, I came to enjoy the insight into the places I travelled to that I was able to glean from the newspapers. The long hours spent in meeting-rooms discussing, arguing and persuading (or trying to) other delegates meant that it was possible to be in a country and barring a few late dinners in local restraunts with colleagues, get no insight into the country at all. Local newspapers afforded an opportunity regardless of my work schedule.
Anyway, that’s where I picked up the habit of reading the local newspaper(s) in countries I get the chance to visit. So, here’s a summary of what was happening in Ghana on the 4th of January, according to the Daily Graphic- Ghana’s biggest selling newspaper since 1950 (also according to the Daily Graphic)- outside my immediate sphere of existence.
- Ghana’s $1.2 billion Gas project is on track as all bottlenecks are cleared. One of these “bottlenecks” seems to be the efforts of local youths from Bonyere in the Jomoro District of the Western region to resist government attempts to site the gas plant in their area. The Bonyere youth claim they weren’t consulted and that siting the plant in their town would lead to the destruction of their economically valuable trees and the loss of their livelihoods. However, it appears that the scheme has “received the full backing of landowners and chiefs” in the area.
- The National Petrolen Authority, NPA, has announced petrol price increases of between 25 and 30 percent as a result of rising world crude oil prices. The increase in the TOR debt recovery levy from 2 Gp to 8Gp imposed on petroleum products, which recently received parliamentary approval, is also a contributory factor. (My taxi driver had a lot to say about this price hike!)
- The Ghanian president, John Evans Atta Mills’ “outstanding leadership style” has been rated an ‘A’ on The Mo Ibrahim Index, an index which apparently ranks African leaders. He and four other African leaders ( Mr Ramgoolam of Mauritius, President Piers of Cape Verde, President Khama of Botswana and President Lucas of Namibia). Meanwhile the leaders of Sudan, Guinea, Chad, Equitorial Guinea and Eritrea ranked poorly in the index.
- An inmate (identified only as inmate 2020) at the Kumasi Central Prison decided to make his greviance at being moved to the Nsawam Medium Security Prison known, by scaling to the top of the communication mast erected in the middle of the prison. He ignored the pleas of prison guards that he climb down and remained up the mast for over two hours. Thankfully, the arrival of the Ghanian fire brigade caused him to reconsider his psoition. The PR officer for the prison, emerged after keeping jornaliststs waiting three hours, to inform them that Deputy Director of Prisons, Mr Kwame Akon Gyeedu “had instructed him” not to discuss the incident with journalists.
- Local sports: the newly appointed coach of the Black Meteors is expected to start work immediately so the team is ready for the 2011 Mozambique All Africa Games and London 2012 Olympics qualifiers. Also, the Freedom Stars were the winners of the Ayawaso House Party Cards league in 2010.
There you have it. I bet you’re feeling much more informed and connected to Ghana now, aren’t you?
What the papers say
As I’ve mentioned elsewhere on this blog, my parents are Nigerian. Having spent time in Nigeria as a result, I have, at times, fallen into the trap of adopting a Nigerian perspective on Africa – that the Nigerian experience is the ‘African experience’. I’ve always suspected that this stems from Nigerians’ self-important image as ‘the Giant of Africa’ (even if it is still slumbering), so I try not to generalise in this way. I am equally irritated when others imply a singular ‘African experience’ as though Africa as a whole is one homogeneous entity. It feels like such a lazy outlook to adopt. And yet…
When I first emerged from Accra Airport – with M and her friend who’d kindly volunteered his time and vehicle to pick me up – and felt the heavy, balmy morning air as we walked towards the airport car park, I felt a tinge of recognition – this could be Lagos, Nigeria. As we drove the relatively short distance to the hotel in East Legon, that sense of familiarity deepened. A lot of this should come as no surprise to me: Ghana and Nigeria are physically quite close and so have similar climates. They are also at a similar stage of economic development which has a direct impact on both countries’ infrastructure.
Both countries’ early democratic governments (formed in the period following independence) fell to military coups. The subsequent political instability has left the general population of both countries at best, ambivalent about their political leaders. It’s interesting hearing the skepticism of the Ghanaians I’ve spoken with, whenever I ask about their leaders’ promises of a better future. Again, I recognise the complaints, the skepticism; after all I hear the same from Nigerians. I also recognise the irrepressible optimism that exists in spite of past experiences and dodgy politicians, for Ghanaians, the future is bright. I read today that Nigerians came second in a poll to determine the most optimistic people on earth; if that’s true, then Ghanaians must not rank far behind.
But most similar of all is the tendency of Ghanaians (that I’ve spoken to) to generalise their experience as the ‘African’ one. I’m still dubious about such claims: two West African countries with similar climates and political history do not an ‘African experience’ make. And yet as I holiday in the country of Kwame Nkrumah, the great pan-Africanist, it doesn’t seem that outlandish a proposition.